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Friday, August 13, 1999

Socialist Party of Serbia

www.sps.org.yu

Slobodan Milosevic

president of the Party,
Slobodan Milosevic
foto: Reuters

Socialist party of Serbia (SPS) is the biggest and best organized party in Serbia. This unreformed party of communist continuity, which president (frozen) is still Slobodan Milosevic, is founded in 1990 by unification of Alliance of Communists of Serbia (SKS, president: Slobodan Milosevic) and Alliance of Socialist Working People of Serbia (SSRNS, president Radmila "Rada-Lambada" Andjelkovic).

Since then, SPS is still in power in republican and federal governments, but its power every year is formally less. It lost local elections in 1996, and control over Republic of Srpska and Montenegro in year 1997. SPS won Vojvodina's parliament only because of unique majority system with three candidates in the second round, which made unification of all opposition votes impossible. After unnecessary war with NATO, since 1999, SPS doesn't even control Kosovo province.

Socialist Party of Serbia, as years go by, needs more and more partners for governing. In Serbia, it ruled: - alone, after 1990 elections; - alone with minority in parliament, but with votes of Serbian Radical Party, after 1992 elections; - in coalition with New Democracy, after 1993 elections; - in coalition with Serbian Radical Party, after 1996. elections.

Socialist Party of Serbia, in its own program, claims that it is modern European social democratic party, in continuity with Serbian Social Democratic Party, founded in year 1903, which (SPS) plea for political freedoms, market economy and social welfare state. In reality there were political freedoms, at first wide, then controlled and limited, after that less and less, and today Serbia is close to dictatorship. In practice, there is replacement for market, but property transformation was not very good, and not very wide, and where it had been done, it was simple robber of state property. In fact, standard of living in Serbia is less and less, and its citizens don't remember worse times than today: unemployment is over 50%, one million is on the edge of poverty. Others, if they are lucky enough to work, have average salaries less than 150 US$ (this data is from times before NATO intervention), and pensioners still get last year's income.

Trivia

When Socialist Party of Serbia applied for membership in Socialist International (SI), only two parties voted in favor: PASOK of Greece and Socialist Party of France. British Labour Party was traditionally absent, and all others (over 160 parties from over 130 countries) voted against. With this decision, unusually (for SI) hard and unpleasant letter was sent to SPS, in which it is accused for ethnic nationalism, creating wars and dissolution of former Yugoslavia and suffering of people. Since then SPS has built relations only with obscure communist parties around the world.


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English version Verzija na srpskom